Ethiopia And Eritrea Peace Agreement

This intergovernmental conflict, which began in the spring of 1998, has claimed nearly 100,000 lives. A ceasefire in June 2000 was formalized by a peacekeeping treaty in Algiers in December 2000.2 Although the reasons for the fire were complex, the conflict was described as a border war and the status of the village of Badme, located on the border and claimed by both countries, was used as a symbol of the stakes. “It is important to remember that there is no formal peace treaty between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Border controls have been reintroduced. Discussions on economic cooperation and port use have stalled. Nothing expresses more clearly the critical dimension of peace between the two countries of the Horn of Africa than the comparison of tweets, on 9 July 2020, the Minister of Information, Yemane Gebre Meskel, was published in Asmara on the anniversary of the peace treaty between Eritrea and Ethiopia in English and Tigrinya.1 For English-speaking readers, the Eritrean regime welcomed the peace agreement and expressed hope for enhanced cooperation with Addis Ababa. For those who read Tigrinya, that is, a large part of the Eritrean population and the neighbouring Ethiopian Tigray, everything remains to be done: the peace agreement is a great disappointment and foreign forces (i.e. Ethiopian) are still present on the national territory. Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a peace agreement just over a year ago to end two decades of “frozen war.” The agreement, which ended an apparently tenacious border conflict after Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office and accepted the border decision of an independent commission in 2002, was greeted with immense optimism in both countries and by international observers.

Following the first anniversary of the agreement last month, Susan Stigant, Africa`s Director of Programmes, and Michael Phelan, High-Level Advisor for Africa, assess the impact of the peace agreement on bilateral relations between states, the continuation of Eritrea`s domestic policy, Ethiopia`s economic and political development, and stability in the Horn of Africa. Stigant: We know that peace agreements are more effective and that peace agreements are more likely to be maintained when they are inclusive. This means that groups that have complaints, conflicts or disputes must participate in negotiations and accept the results. In Ethiopia, this means that the Tigray region, which has the longest border with Eritrea, must play a constructive and active role. To date, this is not the case. Tensions between Abiy`s federal government and Tigray`s leaders remain high.


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