Appeasement 1938 Munich Agreement

As Hitler`s previous appeasement had shown, France and Britain were anxious to avoid war. The French government did not want to go to Germany and took over the british Conservative government of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. He felt that the German dysfunctions of the Sudetenland were justified and that Hitler`s intentions were limited. Britain and France have therefore advised Czechoslovakia to meet Germany`s requirements. On 19 May, Benea began a partial mobilization in response to a possible German invasion. [14] In both countries, pro and anti-Appeaser have transcended the left-right divide. As in Great Britain, an incomplete understanding of Czechoslovakia`s national and strategic issues, with sympathy for an ally who was also a sub-dog, was an aversion to Nazism and a desire to repel war – although in Britain too, negative opinions about the colony of Versailles contributed to the more respectable appeasement. “Czechoslovakia decided on 30 September to accept all Munich conditions. On the morning of 30 September, Benes addressed the Soviet ambassador desperately. “Czechoslovakia is faced with the choice to start the war with Germany and has Britain and France against it,… or capitulate to the aggressor.¬†What would be the attitude of the U.S.S.R. towards these two possibilities, “that is, a continuation of the struggle or the capitulation”? Before the Soviet government could discuss the issue, another telegram told them that no answer was needed: “The Czechoslovakian government has already decided to accept all the conditions.” It is hard to believe that the investigation was conducted seriously. Benea remained true to his determination that Czechoslovakia could not fight alone or with Soviet Russia as a single ally.

Years later, in 1944, he claimed that the Polish threat to Ticino had given him the last push for surrender; if so, it was just a boost in the direction in which he had decided to go. He still believed – rightly, it turned out – that Hitler was going to spread himself; but the trial lasted longer than he had hoped. Meanwhile, the Czechs were spared the horrors of war, not only in 1938, but during World War II.


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