The Buganda Agreement 1900 Pdf

In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving sixteen years earlier in Tanganjika. He was convinced that the relationship between Uganda and the Protecting Power should be different from that between the local authorities and the Government of Tanganjika. [9] Recognizing that the early protectorate agents had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan for reform and transformation of the system between the protectorate government and the Buganda government. [10] Believing that the relationship between the protectorate government and the Buganda indigenous government was one of protected rather than indirect domination, he planned to replace the post of Buganda provincial commissioner with one resident and remove district officials from the centre, assuming that the Kabaka would be required to follow the advice of the resident and his staff. [9] However, under the 1900 Uganda Agreement, the Kabaka was only required to respond to these recommendations if the Lukiiko resolutions were implemented. Relations between the Kabaka, the Protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated, and due to the limited power of the governor under the 1900 agreement to impose his advice on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decrease in the influence that the protectorate government could exert in Buganda. [9] Before the Buganda Agreement of 1900 sighed, the Buganda kingdom was an absolute monarchy ruled by the Kabaka. At that time, they were three categories of Kabaka, 1. Chiefs, also called Bakougu or heads of administration, appointed by the Kabaka, 2) the traditional chiefs of Bataka plus the Batangol chiefs, who served as representatives of the king, they were responsible for the surveillance of the royal lands, the maintenance of internal security in the kingdom and military duties. Done at English and Luganda at Mengo, Kingdom of Uganda, 10 March 1900.

The 1900 Uganda Agreement (see Native Agreement and Buganda Native Laws, Laws of the Portal At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Africa and then Bishop of Uganda, urged the British authorities to retake Uganda. On May 1, 1893, a contract between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga informally secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another contract with Colonel S.E. Colvile, which promoted the conventional acquisition of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as the Berlin Conference decided, fell by chance into the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached, unlike a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto. [3] Assuming that the territory of the Kingdom of Uganda, situated within the boundaries provided for in the Agreement, is 19,600 square miles, it is distributed in the following proportions: 5. The laws passed by Her Majesty`s Government for the general administration of the Ugandan protectorate also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda. except to the extent that they conflict with the terms of this Agreement, in which case the terms of this Agreement constitute a special exception to the Kingdom of Uganda.

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